GLOBAL WARMING: CAUSES AND IMPACT ON HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT AND THE BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

Authors

  • Rajesh Kumar Verma
  • Kalpana Soni

Keywords:

Global Warming, Biodiversity, Conservation, Ecosystem, Reforestation

Abstract

As atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons rise, the Earth's surface temperature rises, a phenomenon known as global warming. A buildup of atmospheric pollutants like carbon dioxide (CO2) and others absorbs solar radiation and sunlight that has reflected off the Earth's surface, leading to global warming. Pollutants like these, which may cling to Earth's atmosphere for decades or even centuries, prevent the radiation from escaping into space, leading to an increase in global temperatures. Greenhouse gases are those that trap heat; the term "greenhouse effect" describes the impact of gases such carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapour, and synthetic fluorinated gases. Many species of plants and animals will see their habitats disappear as a result of the climatic shift. Many species go extinct because animals are forced to leave their native habitats. This is just one more way that biodiversity is being negatively affected by global warming. The term "biodiversity" refers to the wide range of species and their variations found in many habitats, such as those found on land, in water, and in deserts. A planet's biodiversity is a measure of its abundance and variety of living forms. It is the planet's most intricate and significant feature. Life could hardly persist in a world devoid of biodiversity. One measure of biological diversity is the variety of species present in an environment, as well as the frequency with which each species occurs. Various degrees of organismal organization are also mirrored in it. Biodiversity is important for the environment and the economy. Food, shelter, fuel, clothes, and a host of other necessities are all provided for by it. Tourism is another source of revenue for it. Therefore, in order to maintain a livelihood throughout time, it is crucial to possess a solid understanding of biodiversity. In spite of biodiversity's advantages, the risks to species and ecosystems are growing at an alarming rate, and almost all of these problems stem from human waste of biological resources, which is in turn caused by climate change, pollution, and incompetent institutions. Preserving biodiversity is crucial for achieving equity both within and between generations. Reforestation, botanical gardens, national parks, biosphere reserves, germplasm banks, and the use of breeding and tissue culture techniques as well as social forestry to reduce pressure on forest resource extraction are some of the current biodiversity conservation measures.

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Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

GLOBAL WARMING: CAUSES AND IMPACT ON HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT AND THE BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION. (2024). Journal of Science Innovations and Nature of Earth, 4(1). https://jsiane.com/index.php/files/article/view/229

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